Learn Spanish 33: Spanish prepositions

Spanish Prepositions


Prepositions are used to indicate and specify a relationship between two words.

The above is the simple definition of prepositions. However, there is nothing better to understand what a definition means than seeing some examples.


Most common Spanish prepositions


  • arriba – up / upstairs
  • abajo – down / downstairs
  • encima – on
  • debajo – under
  • al lado – beside
  • enfrente – in front
  • detrás – behind
  • adentro – inside / indoors
  • en el medio– in the middle
  • afuera – outside / outdoors
  • dentro de – inside of
  • fuera de – outside of


Simple sentences using the aforementioned Spanish prepositions


  • El libro está arriba – The book is upstairs.
  • La revista está abajo – The magazine is downstairs.
  • El teléfono está encima de la mesa – The telephone is on the table.
  • El gato está debajo de la silla – The cat is under the chair.
  • La televisión está al lado de la biblioteca – The television is beside the library.
  • Juan vive enfrente de mi casa  – Juan lives in front (accross the street) to my home.
  • Detrás viene Carlos en su auto nuevo – Behind comes Carlos in his new car.
  • Mariana está adentro – Mariana is indoors.
  • El perro está afuera – The dog is outdoors.
  • El ratón está dentro de la caja – The mouse is inside the box.
  • El ratón ha saltado fuera de la caja – The mouse has jumped out of the box.


Pay attention at my Spanish pronunciation when you watch the video-lesson.

I recommend all my students that follow my online courses to do the exams that I upload to my website. The topic of this lesson (Spanish prepositions) is included in Spanish Quiz Nbr. 5 (lessons 27 – 34).

You can find a full list of all the video lessons by clicking on the List of Lessons tab on the Main Menu.

To enlarge the video-screen to full-size, click on the right icon on the lower right corner of the video.

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